Warren, James

Updated: 9 Mar 2019

Warren Family Surname DNA Project – Haplogroup variant R-M269


Image of a river bank whose location was called Cow Cove
James Warren farm location on Cow Cove from Warren; a Genealogy of the Descendants of James Warren Who Was in Kittery, Maine, 1652-1656,


Document showing several Warren marriage records.
Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700, Clarence Almon Torrey.



Document page from Colonial Families of the USA, 1670-1775
Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775, Hull Family, McKenzie, George Norbury and Nelson Osgood Rhoades. On page 247 there is the mention of a daughter of Rev. Joseph Hull and 2nd wife Agnes, named Griselda who married first to James Warren of Kittery and second to unknown husband.


Page 249 from The Hull Family in America
The Hull Family in America, page 249 mentions the daughter of Rev. Joseph Hull, Griselda Hull, married James Warren.


From The Highlander Magazine, Nov/Dec 2004. “Scottish Slaves in Colonial America” Part II by Diane Rapaport, p. 17.

“After his servitude ended, James Warren married an Irish woman and settled near the Great Works sawmill in Kittery, Maine. His friends Daniel Ferguson, John Taylor, Peter Grant and other former war prisoners from the ship Unity acquired farms nearby. Not surprisingly this area became known as ‘the Parrish of Unity’ and later Berwick, reputedly in honor of Warren’s Scottish birthplace.

Warren seems to have been a natural leader in the Scottish community serving as a constable and selectman, but his outspoken ways sometimes offended Puritan sensibilities. In 1669 the Court admonished Warren, his wife and other Scotsmen “for using profane speeches in their common talk.” He was punished in 1674 for “abetting a friend who made insolent remarks to the local militia commander” and in 1685 for “Contempt of Authority and abuse of the Constable” when Warren resisted seizure of “a small beast” for delinquent taxes.

Near the end of Warren’s life the Indian wars had reduced Berwick to a state of poverty. Attacks destroyed homes, barns and mills; corn crops failed; families crowded into garrisons and survived only by charity and determination. Still, Warren owned land and he dreamed of a better life for his children when he signed his will with a shaky mark, leaving “all my lands to my sons and their Heirs forever.”

Kittery which was in southern York Co. of Massachusetts Province, now Maine, an area which quickly became known as “Little Scotland”. Berwick Parish was named after the old country town of Berwick, reputedly in honor of the birthplace of James warren, and probably of some of his neighbors. Berwick, Scotland is not far from the site of the Battle of Dunbar.

In Kittery, ME there was a Unity Parish, named for or by the prisoners, who were sent there to work in the sawmills. About fifteen Scotchmen worked there and many were friends and neighbors; their children intermarrying. They are: Niven Agnew; James Barry; Alexander Cooper; William Furbush; Daniel Ferguson; Peter Grant; George Gray; William Gowen; David Hamilton; Thomas Holme; John Key; Alexander Maxwell; John Neal; John Ross; John Taylor; William Thomson; and JAMES WARREN. 6


Old document showing the Will of James Warren
James Warren Sr. Last Will and Testament from the York County Probate Records- Vol I, p. 85.

“In the name of God, Amen. James Warren senior, of the parish of Barwick in the town of Kittery in the county of York in New England, do make and ordain this my last will and testament as follows, being sick and weak of body but in good and perfect memory:

I commit my soul to grace and mercy and my body to the dust to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors hereafter named, and for the outward estate which God has given me, I do dispose of as follows:

  • I give unto my son Gilbert Warrin all that tract of land which I bought of John Davis lying in the township of York, to him and to his heirs for ever
  • I give unto my son James Warrin all my other lands, marshes, meadows, buildings of all sorts lying in the township of Kittery or elsewhere to him and his heirs for ever
  • I give unto my daughter Margaret Stagpaol five shillings
  • I give unto by daughter Grizel five shillings
  • I give unto my granddaughter Jane Grant five shillings
  • I give unto my grandson James Stagpoal one heifer, one ewe and a young sow
  • I give unto Margaret Warren my loving wife, all the rest of my estate it being movables for her comfortable maintenance, and no legacy before mentioned to be demanded till her decease.
  • I constitute and appoint my loving wife Margaret and my son James Warrin to be executrix and executors to this, my last will and testament, made this 9 December 1700.

Witness us, Robert Gray, James Stacpole, Nicholas Gowin.
*Probated 24 December 1702; recorded 14 January 1702. Inventory returned 15 December 1702 at £228 5s 4d by Peter Grant and William Goodwin, appraisers.

[From Sargent 1887, 137-38, Probate Records, I, 85; and York Co. Probate I, 85, from wikitree.com/wiki/Warren-2045] 8


Page 62 from the book History and Genealogy of the Stackpole Family, by Everett S. Stackpole.
History and Genealogy of the Stackpole Family, by Everett S. Stackpole, page 62, features a brief history of Grizel Warren and mentions the wills of James Warren and Margaret Warren.


The history which lead up to the captivity of Grizel (Warren) Otis and her daughter Margaret began years before the actual attack. I’ve included some background and excerpts describing the build-up of tension which culminated in deaths and capture of members of the Otis family. WARNING, THIS IS A VERY VIVID AND DISTURBING ACCOUNT.

“Usually the frontier settlement suffered for the sins of individuals. There is no more striking illustration of this fact than the story of CHRISTINE OTIS…” 11

This history starts in 1623 with fishmongers working the Piscataqua River. The sachem of the Pennacook Native American Tribe, Passaconaway, had encouraged English to settle in the area in order to gain an ally against their rivals. They lived in areas of the Merrimack River valley region of what we now know as New Hampshire and Massachusetts in addition to parts of southern Maine. Passaconaway “gave them deeds of land in exchange for coats, shirts and kettles…”12 “…Knowles, a tributary chief, whose tribe occupied the region round about the settlers on the Piscataqua, felt similar presentiments. Sending for the principal white men, he asked them to mark out and record in their books a grand of a few hundred acres for his people…”12 In this manner, and through successors, the tribe felt they kept the peace by trading land for goods.

During King Philip’s War, which was a conflict between Indians, the colonists and their allies which occurred from 20 Jun 1675 – 12 Apr 1678, the Pennacook remained neutral towards the colonists. “At that time Cocheco, now Dover, New Hampshire, was the main trading post with the Indians of all that region. Major Richard Waldron was the most prominent man of Cocheco. He held many offices of trust under the Government, and a command in Philip’s war. He was naturally severe; was a successful Indian trader, and had the reputation of being a dishonest one.”12

Afterwards, the General Court of Massachusetts sent out troops to bring the eastern Indians under control but due to the weather, they were unable to complete their task. During this severe winter the Indians settled into some of the colonist’s homes in order to take advantage of the food and shelter. They then “sued for peace through Major Waldron, promising to give up their captives without ransom, and to be quiet in the future. In July, 1676, Waldron, on behalf of the whites, signed a treaty with them at Cocheco. After Philip’s death some of his followers fled to the Pennacooks. They were taken and put in Dover jail. Escaping, they incited some of the Maine Indians to renew their depredations.” 12 Troops were sent out against the Indians and at Dover, found about four hundred, some Pennacooks and the rest from southern tribes. They were described as having no hostile intent and with family members amongst the group. A treachery was set for the following day to entrap the Indians and after the Pennacooks and Wannaloncet were released, the others were transported to Boston to answer for the deaths of Englishmen or violation of the treaty, some being hung, some sold into slavery.

Concerning Major Waldron’s participation in this capture, “…The Pennacooks looked upon his conduct as treachery. It was a time of peace. They had never broken faith with him… They never forgave him.” 12 After the passage of thirteen years, the Indians resolved to express their feelings of insult and unjust treatment at the hands of Major Waldron and other Englishmen. “In June, 1689, the Dover people began to be suspicious that the Indians were unfriendly. Larger numbers seemed to be gathering in the neighborhood than usually came to trade… More than one friendly squaw hinted of danger to the settlers’ wives who had been kind to them…”12But Waldon, thinking himself confident of reading the behaviors of the Indians, ignored their fears and told the settlers to go back to their planting.

“Waldron, Richard Otis, John Heard, Peter Coffin and his son Tristram had each a garrison house at Dover at that time.” 12 Their frightened neighbors began settling into these garrison houses for their nightly respite. On the morning, June 27th of 1689, Waldron received a verbal warning from a local man about the massive increase of Indians in the area, and on that same evening, “…two squaws applied at each garrison house for leave to sleep on the hearth before the kitchen fire. As this was no unusual request, it was readily granted, and they were shown how to open the doors in case they might want to go out during the night. Tristram Coffin alone refused to admit them. As Waldron was barring his doors for the night, one of the squaws quartered with him said to him, “White father big wampum; much Indian come.”” 12 He again took no heed of the warning and retired to bed.

“Just before dawn, at that hour when night is darkest and sleep is heaviest, the treacherous squaws rose softly in all the houses, and opening the doors, gave a long, low whistle. A dog a Heard’s garrison answered with a furious barking, which awoke Elder Wentworth. He hurried down stairs. The savages were just entering. Pushing the oaken door back against them, the old man of seventy-three threw himself on his back and held it against them till help came. Bullets crashed through the door above his head, but the heroic old Puritan did not flinch and the garrison was saved. Placing a guard at Waldron’s door, the waspish horde swarmed into his room. He sprang from his bed, and though over eighty years old, he drove them at the point of his sword, through three or four rooms. As he turned back for other weapons, they followed him and dealt him a blow with a hatchet, which stunned and prostrated him… …they held his own sword under him, and death came to his relief. His daughter and his little grandchild, Sarah Gerrish, were taken captive, his son-in-law killed, his house pillaged and burned. The houses of Peter Coffin and his son were also destroyed.” 12

“Richard Otis, the blacksmith of Dover, occupied the next garrison house to Waldron’s. He was of good family, and had removed from Boston to Dover in 1656. At the time of the attack he was well on in years, had married sons, and was living with his third wife, Grizel Warren, a young women of less than half his years. She had borne him two children. Hannah, the elder, was about two; but the delight of her old father’s heart, was his three month old baby, Margaret, fair as a summer daisy. Otis was shot dead as he was rising up in bed, or had reached the window, seeking the cause of the alarm. The savages killed his little daughter Hannah, by dashing her head against the chamber stairs. His wife and baby were dragged from their beds, and with more of his family, hurried with the other captives to the woods to begin the doleful march to Canada.” 12

Excerpts from True Stories of New England Captives Carried to Canada during the Old French and Indian Wars, by Charlotte Alice Baker.

Sources and Information:

WikiTree collaboration for James Warren – https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Warren-835

FamilySearch collaboration for James Warren – https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/M1RM-WKD

Discussion of interest concerning JAMES¹ WARREN’S age, social status, place of birth and GRIZEL² WARREN’S given name, nickname and baptised name:

On 2019-03-03 10:39, Marie-Pierre Lessard wrote:

Objet : RE: SPOW Profile Now Updated for James Warren

Regarding the research notes that I previously sent… You might have noticed that I mentioned the age of James Warren compared to the other SPOWs, who were significantly younger. I didn’t want to assume anything, so I didn’t write it down, but I wonder if James Warren was an officer. His surname is Norman, right, so it’s not impossible that he could have been noble or landed gentry. If Scottish military records survived, one would think that he might be named as an officer who fought in this particular battle, and I wouldn’t take for granted that anyone invested the time (and money) into checking that already, since the records are abroad. Before digitization, someone had to physically do it and pay for it.


On 2019-03-03 03:52, Marie-Pierre Lessard wrote:


“on the authority of his daughter Grisel, says: “He was born in Berwick, Scotland.” 12” As my notes (in French) show, this is an error. It’s being copied from author to author. Grace never said that he was from that particular town, only that he was from Scotland. That’s what primary sources in Canada say. You need to point that out. It’s a big mistake that could lead people to search for more records in the wrong place in Scotland.

“iv. GRIZEL² WARREN, aka GRACE, aka MARIE MADELEINE, (James¹), b. 6 Mar 1662 in York; d. about 1750 in Canada; m., (1)RICHARD OTHEYS/OTIS. m.(2) at Montreal, 15 Oct 1693 PHILIP ROBITAILE.”
Grace isn’t an alias. It’s her birth name. Grizel is an alias, but it’s not even right. The man who wrote the will simply omitted to cross the T. Her nickname is actually Grizet (a diminutive of Grace in the manner of the French, which looks like an additional indication that this is a family of a certain rank, or level of education). The source for this is Horation Otis (one of his articles in the NEHGR). You have the links to this source in my notes, I believe!
Therefore, you should write: “iv. GRACE² WARREN, aka GRIZET (or GRIZEL), aka MARIE MADELEINE, (James¹), b. 6 Mar 1662 in York; d. about 1750 in Canada; m., (1)RICHARD OTHEYS/OTIS. m.(2) at Montreal, 15 Oct 1693 PHILIP ROBITAILE.” Her section (2. iv.) also needs to be corrected accordingly.

Those are rather important corrections, don’t you think?


On 2019-03-03 15:30, Rose Beauvais wrote:


“The points you have made seem to be topics the James Warren descendants have discussed over the years. Because I am not a descendant, I do not have an opinion based upon lengthy research and familial ties or oral traditions, like I have formed on my own ancestors. I am happy to explain what processes I went through to decide what to display on his profile page. First, documents and books which have been provided as recommendations, or which I personally searched out, were used as citations to show what and where the information provided for each SPOW came from. We attempt to include citations so that each visitor can see what efforts were made to prove accuracy of the information. The addition of this information was not intended to mislead anyone and each profile page states on the top of the page that the visitor should independently verify all data. I feel that during my editing, I have done my best to point the visitor to what information we could readily locate but this, like all other endeavors in genealogical research, is often full of speculative information.

For the birth location of James Warren, I referenced the birth location from the book by Orrin Warren where he claims that Canadian records display a statement from his daughter Grizel (note the spelling in the book was this variation) which claims James Warren was born in Berwick, Scotland. This is why that information was placed in quotes and a citation was provided to show, as you say, that this is the primary source for this information. I have no dispute for this claim of Grizel saying he was born in Berwick, Scotland since I have not personally seen this source of information to confirm or deny it’s authenticity. As for your statement that making the location claim was a big mistake that could lead people to the wrong place and that this erroneous town name should not be displayed, I only provide the information for consideration. It is up to the individual researcher to verify the accuracy or opinions of the source’s author. In other sources, I, like you, have seen the birth place as being Scotland, without a place name. Therefore, this addition of providing a reference from a published researcher, Orin Warren, could potentially enlighten those seeking out James Warren’s parentage and might be of benefit. Since the information is in dispute, I will add a caveat to that effect so that any visitor will see that even though there is a source for the information, it’s accuracy has been questioned and as mentioned on the top of the profile page, any visitor should personally verify all information.

As for the inclusion of the name spelling of Grizel as her given name, I referred to the photocopy of the Will of James Warren (provided on James Warren’s profile page 2) which does appear to be the actual document. The line labeled as #4 has his daughter’s name written as Grizel. That is the primary reason I added that spelling as it should reflect what she was called by her father as “her given name”. Granted, the writer of the Will could have misspelled her name on the document which seems to date to 1700, but since this was signed by James Warren it is a valid and primary source for proof of her name. When you had referred to the article from Horatio Otis, NEHGR April 1851, “Grizet was a loving form of Grace, and this nickname was misquoted (Grizel) in the will copied by a Mr. Quint.” The Will is a photocopy of what appears to be the original, not a transcribed copy, therefore the name on the Will can not be debated as a copy mistake, as suggested as occurring by a Mr. Quint.

Until another contemporary document, which was signed by her father or mother, appears, I do not believe this should be changed to any other given name variation. This is the only known contemporary proof of her name. Mentioning that on the Will there is no cross on the “l” to make a “t” is an unproven opinion that this omission must have been because of an error. In other words, a hypothesis for which there is no way to prove it was spelled any other way since there is not any other source for comparing and contrasting. Therefore, and until other proof is provided, I can only report that the spelling appears to have be Grizel at that time based on the documentation. Now, I also have not seen any documents where his daughter has written or signed with her own name, so I have no first-hand references for how she made her name. So again, until other proof is provided, I can only report that the spelling appears to have be Grizel at that time.

When considering the spelling of Grizet, some notes and opinions I have read appear to suggest that since she did relocate to Canada, a French speaking area, she may have been referred to as Grizet or even Grizit once she lived there. Perhaps it is as suggested and she was called Grizet because it was a familiar and accepted nickname of Grace. We can again look at the sentence you provided from Horatio Otis, from April 1851 in NEHGR that says, “Grizet was a loving form of Grace”. I do not know how Horatio Otis came by this suggestion since I have not seen the complete original article, therefore I can not debate the suggestion other than to say this article was distributed in 1851, many years after Grizel’s birth. Again, I do not know if this was something her own father called her because I only have the Will as a source for her name. There is no source for the name of Grizet until much later, I have actually not seen her being referred to as such in documents or Wills, until references made about her generations later, after she had relocated to Canada. The suggestion in your message that because she was referred to as Grizet, a diminutive of Grace and that could be taken as a sign of the families status, rank or education is just postulation. While that may have been true, we have no reference to show that was the case, no proof of her lineage beyond James Warren, her father, therefore no way of knowing if her father or unknown ancestors were anything more that what I have portrayed him as, based upon the documents which remained from that time.

In the case of James Warren’s daughter, providing information based on references is difficult to do based upon the location changes which also included language change and a religion change which resulted in a name change. When I was editing this profile page, I imagined that she went from living in a community where people around her were speaking with Scottish and/or British accents. Then, she was removed by Indians into Canada where perhaps she was unable to understand or be understood very well due to her accent and/or language barrier. This may be where the name variation occurred, due to pronunciation issues. But, that is just my imaginings and may or may not have been considered by others, I have not taken the time to research my theory since the reasons behind Grizel’s name variations is not the concern of the SPOW profile project. We just post information based upon what we can prove and that being what has been recorded at the time of her life. I am comfortable in displaying her name as iv. GRIZEL² WARREN, aka GRIZET, aka GRACE, aka MARIE MADELEINE, (James¹) but I still hold with the primary name displayed should be Grizel. I can post your message with your information so that it can be considered and also add the Grizet variation for individuals to research further on their own.

The aim of The Scottish Prisoner of War Society is to display what information we have for the SPOW based upon reference material. We attempt to “fill out” their descendant tree when someone provides the information or when we can research the information for ourselves. Since there are over 150 men that were SPOWs, we do not commit to being able to provide research services. We have heard from several other descendents of James Warren and have included any sourced information they have provided. Not all personally provided information correlates and this situation is a prime example. We at SPOW can only show the different variations, marking those with citations, and then let the descendants research and speculate their own lineage. We attempt to promote the researchers ability to share and work together to trace these men’s lives. Any opinions and questions can be placed in the comments or notes section or you can reach out to the others by the webpage with their contact information.

Thank you for letting me view your notes, and I have noticed that some of your sources that you have used as referencing material, is the same as what others are using and I have used on James Warren’s profile page. I hope you can make connections through The Scottish Prisoners of War Society and please continue to correspond. I would love to have your opinions on further information.

Best Regards, Rose Beauvais”

On 28 March 2019, Michael Dennis adds:
James1 Warren 1620-1702
James2 Warren 1658-1725
John3 Warren 1705-1769
Tristram4 Warren 1732-aft.1800
Levi5 Warren 1783-1836(?)
Volney6 Arthur Warren 1920-1903
William7 Augustus Warren 1853-1933
William8 Arthur Warren 1877-1942
Lillie9 May Warren 1910-2009
Carroll10 Warren Dennis 1930-2002
Living11 Descendant

“For the past year, my cousin Richard Warren and I have been working to confirm through documentation and DNA that James Warren, Scottish POW #108 is our ancestor.”
Michael Dennis: , descendant/researcher

On 28 February 2019, James Michael “Mike” Arnett adds:
My line is
James1 Warren #108 1620-1702
James2 Warren 1658-1725
John3 Warren 1705-1769
Ichabod4 Warren 1736-1825
Henry5 G. Warren 1767-1836
Mark6 Bemis Warren, Sr 1809-1896
Mark7 Bemis Warren, Jr 1832-1917
Lela8 Angelina Warren 1892-1974
James9 Warren Arnett 1928-1964
Living10 Descendant

“We have an annual reunion for descendants of my Great Grandfather Mark Bemis Warren, Jr. the last Sunday in June every year in Yucaipa, California, so we stay very connected.”
“…information about the family is in my Ancestry Arnett/Allred family tree at https://ancstry.me/2XvYXdY.”
Mike Arnett: , descendant

Note: This suggests a close connection between these men, worth researching further.

“In his will dated 9 Feb. 1683/4, Alexander Cooper made arrangements for his only son, John: “It is my will & desire to Commit under god, both my sonn, & my estate left him untill hee come to age, unto my Loveing freinds vidzt Richard Nason Senjor, James Warrine Senior, & Peter Grant whome I leave as feofees in trust, faithfully to take Care both of my sonn & Estate, & for the Improvement & security there of, for my sonns best advantage…”

Source: Maine Wills- p. 77, quoting York County Deeds- Vol. V, fol. 27


  • History of York, Maine- Banks, Vol.I, pp.206-9.
  • York Co. Court Records- Vol.II, p.205; Vol.III, p.42,p.54; Vol.IV, p.61.
  • Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire- p.721
  • York Deeds- Vol.4, p.159.
  • Mass. Archives- Vol.3, pp.385-6; Vol.11, pp.125-125a, p.127a;
    Vol.3, p.394a.
  • York Co. Probate- I, 85; II, 66.
  • Maine Wills- p. 77, quoting York County Deeds- Vol. V, fol. 27,
  • Maine Wills- p. 148-9, quoting York County Probate- Vol. I, fol. 130
  • Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society- Vol.LXI, pp.16-29.
  • The History of York County, Maine– W. Woodford Clayton, Philadelphia, Everts & Peck, 1880,p. 281. https://archive.org/details/historyofyorkcou00clay/page/n6.
  • History and Genealogy of the Stackpole Family-Everett S. Stackpole, pp.61-2. https://archive.org/details/historygenealogy00stac/page/n8
  • A Genealogy of the Descendants of James Warren Who Was in Kittery, Maine, 1652-1656– Orin Warren, Haverhill, Mass., The Chase Press, 1912, p.7-8. https://archive.org/details/warrengenealogyo00warr
  • Adriel Warren of Berwick, ME: His Forebears and Descendants– Vanetta Hosford Warren, Boston, 1969. https://archive.org/details/adrielwarrenofbe00warr
  • Genealogical and Historical Memoir of the Otis Family– Horatio Nelson Otis, The Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County, Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. Digital Services Department, 25 Oct. 2016, https://digital.cincinnatilibrary.org/digital/collection/p16998coll15/id/227239/rec/1
  • New England Marriages to 1700. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008.) Originally published as: New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2015.
  • “Quebec, Quebec Federation of Genealogical Societies, Family Origins, 1621-1865,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKDB-H84D : 10 February 2018), Grizel Madeleine Warren in entry for Margareth Otheys, 15 Mar 1689; citing Cocheco, auj. Dover, comté de Strafford, New Hampshire, United States, Birth, La Fédération québécoise des sociétés de généalogie (The Quebec Federation of Genealogical Societies), Canada.
  • True Stories of New England Captives Carried to Canada during the Old French and Indian Wars– Charlotte Alice Baker. Cambridge [Greenfield, Mass., Press of E.A. Hall & Co.], 1897, https://archive.org/details/truestoriesofnew00bake/page/n15.
  1. Warren, Orin. Warren; a Genealogy of the Descendants of James Warren Who Was in Kittery, Maine, 1652-1656. Haverhill, Mass., The Chase Press, 1912, Internet Archives, archive.org/details/warrengenealogyo00warr. []
  2. Clarence Almon Torrey, Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700. []
  3. Ancestry.com Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775 Publication: Name: Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Lehi, UT, USA; Date: 2016;; Originally: Mackenzie, George Norbury, and Nelson Osgood Rhoades, editors. Colonial Families of the United States of America: in Which is Given the History, Genealogy and Armorial Bearings of Colonial Families Who Settled in the American Colonies From the Time of the Settlement of Jamestown, 13th May, 1607, to the Battle of Lexington, 19th April, 1775. 7 volumes. 1912. Reprinted, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1966, 1995. Vol 3. p. 257 Hull Family. – A different Hull Family. []
  4. Edited by George Norbury McKenzie, Full Text of “Colonial Families of the United States of America, in Which Is given the History, Genealogy and Armorial Bearings of Colonial Families Who Settled in the American Colonies from the Time of the Settlement of Jamestown, 13th May, 1607, to the Battle of Lexington, 19th April, 1775;”, Internet Archives, 23 May 2008, archive.org/stream/colonialfamilie00rhoagoog/colonialfamilie00rhoagoog_djvu.txt. []
  5. Weygant, Charles H. The Hull Family in America. Higginson Book Co., 2002. []
  6. Rapaport, Diana. “Scottish Slaves in Colonial America, Part II.” The Highlander Magazine, 2004, p. 17. []
  7. “York County Probate Records- Vol I, p. 85.” []
  8. Gerrard, Christopher M.., et al. Lost Lives, New Voices: Unlocking the Stories of the Scottish Soldiers at the Battle of Dunbar 1650. Oxbow Books, 2018, p. 282-283. []
  9. Stackpole, Everett Schermerhorn. History and Genealogy of the Stackpole Family. Lewiston, Me., Journal Printshop and Bindery, 1920, p. 62, Internet Archives, archive.org/details/historygenealogy00stac/page/n8. []
  10. Baker, Charlotte Alice. True Stories of New England Captives Carried to Canada during the Old French and Indian Wars. Cambridge [Greenfield, Mass., Press of E.A. Hall & Co.], 1897, pp. 14-19, Internet Archives, archive.org/details/truestoriesofnew00bake/page/n15. []
  11. Baker, Charlotte Alice. True Stories of New England Captives Carried to Canada during the Old French and Indian Wars. Cambridge [Greenfield, Mass., Press of E.A. Hall & Co.], 1897, pp. 14-19, Internet Archives, archive.org/details/truestoriesofnew00bake/page/n15. []
  12. Ibid. [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []