Anderson, William

Battle:Battle of Worcester in Worcester, Worcestershire, England
Ship/Arrival:John & Sara, May 1652
Prisoner and List:
Name Variations:
Other SPOW Associations:
Every attempt has been made to ensure accuracy; please independently verify all data.

Published on: 03 Dec 2014
Updated: 30 Nov 2018
Researchers: Ray Dusek, Terrance Anderson Filter and Teresa Rust
Editors: Teresa Rust

For more information please contact the descendants/researchers of William Anderson. Thank you! 🙂

Wm Anderson is a name found on, A list of the passengers aboard the John and Sarah of London John Greene Mr. bound for New England, dated 11 Nov 1651. ~ Suffolk Deeds, LIBER I., Massachusetts, 1880. Google Books Online

Scottish POW Y-DNA Study:
Group 2-A, Haplogroup R-M269→R-DF21 (possibly Early Irish/Scottish?)

First Generation in the New World

1. WILLIAM¹ ANDERSON, was born, presumably in Scotland about 1623.

Biographical Notes:
1. WILLIAM ANDERSON “Wm Anderson” on the John and Sara transport list. See “Scotch Prisoners Sent to Massachusetts in 1652, by Order of the English Government,” The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1 (1847):377-380. NEHGR v1p377.jpg through NEHGR v1p380.jpg
2. “William Anderson” in January 6, 1657 list of initial Scots’ Charitable Society members. The Constitution and By-Laws of the Scots’ Charitable Society of Boston (Boston: Press of Farrington Printing Co., 1896), 10.
3. ANDERSON,…WILLIAM, New Haven, took oath of fidel. 7 Apr. 1657, but neither of him, nor of Richard, who may have been his brother [took oath same day] is any more seen.
4. WILLIAM, Watertown, of wh. Dr. Bond found only, that he sat on a coroner’s jury 26 July 1669. James Savage, ed., A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1860-62), 1:51.

Children of William and Unknown (_____) Anderson:

Sources and Notes:
Written and submitted by Terry Filter:
My ancestor/Scottish war prisoner is William Anderson, who assuming I am correct would be my 8th great grandfather…I’ll tell the story backwards from my discovery of him first and then tell you what I know about the Scottish family as I have been able to ascertain thus far. Another family researcher had with only a few bare patches traced my (mother’s) line to an Isaac Anderson in New York around 1700 where the search went cold.  There was no record of from whence he came to be running a market sloop on Long Island Sound from the farms of Connecticut to the piers of old New York.Baird’s history of Rye New York details Isaacs landholdings in that area at that time and also that he had been permitted to build a mill on the Byram River where his land was.  There was also the fact that the area where his land was had been called Saw Pit Landing at that time and the suspicion that the mill was a saw mill. Family lore had been that Isa was Scottish but there was no record of an Isaac Anderson born in Scotland in the right time frame that I could find…I however discovered that there were references just prior to 1700 in the records of the Reformed Dutch Church to an Isaac Andriesen, an apparently “Dutchified” version of the name…and not only that but records of also a Willem Andriesen, puzzlingly once marrying a widow who if her deceased husband is any indication must have been quite old, and once not that distant in time baptizing a new born child with a different woman…I wondered if there were two William Andersons in addition to the Isaac Anderson, if I supposed that the Dutchified names might really be English…the 1703 New york census confirmed that there were indeed two William Andersons so the search for a connection to Isaac was on…The Historical Society of Westchester County (contemporary suburban NYC) had one of the few copies of a document called “Colonial Families of the Phillipsburg Plantation” which turned out to reveal that Grenville MacKenzie, the professional genealogist who wrote the document, had discovered a senior William Anderson who had settled in the area with at least two sons, William and Isaac.  Thus it was back to the Dutch church records….a marriage was recorded, as previously noted, between  a William Anderson (noted to have been “from Scotland” in the record) and a woman called the widow, Elizabeth Harriton, of Anglican cleric Josias Clark.  Josias Clark was the Cambridge educated son of Sabbath Clark of Chester England who would have been born around 1623; hence, if his widow were even close to the same age then probably so was her new husband, hence the senior William Anderson. It should be noted that the historical record shows that Anglican services were conducted in New York in the English Fort New York and that Josias Clark was the minister there for a couple years (1684-1686), although Clark had lived for a time in Boston, Massachusetts. (As an historical note, Josias Clark’s younger brother Daniel was among the early founders of Connecticut.) This is the  appropriate time to mention that the senior William Anderson had been among the founders of lthe Scots Charitable Society of Boston that had been founded to benefit the Scots Prisoners of War in 1657.  The records of that society indicate that Josias Clark became a member of that society.  The newly married senior William Anderson was called “from Scotland” in the Dutch record.  So I had an elderly Scottish William Anderson, possibly born circa 1623 (since young men don’t usually marry older women even in the colonies) the origins of whom were mysterious.  There was no record of such a person arriving in the colonies as a passenger, but there was on the John and Sara going to Boston on that voyage we know so well now.  Thus it was to the records of the digital archive of Scotlands People to seek a William Anderson, possibly born circa 1623.  There was such a man born in 1623 in Aberdeenshire to a George Anderson.  I noticed that since we were looking for a royalist and that there were several Gordons aboard the John and Sara;  why not google Gordon and Anderson 1600’s to see what comes up…what came up eventually was reference to a William Anderson who was the Sheriff Clerk of Aberdeenshire under the Marquis of Huntly from 1597 -1631….Also I discovered that there existed and available via google a complete transcript of the records of the Sheriff’s court which was replete with references to Andersons including to the family of the Sheriff Clerk William Anderson. Specifically, there was reference to the Sheriff Clerks eldest son, who was named George and who was granted his father’s office as an inheritance.  This George was a lawyer  who was referenced in the History of the Society of Advocates of Aberdeen as was his father the Sheriff Clerk.  Of course, also of interest was the fact that the Marquis of Huntly was the champion of the royalist cause in Scotland.  The circumstantial evidence was piling up that the new york William Anderson might well be the Scottish prisoner of War in Massachussetts.  But why no George Anderson in New york  if the usual naming rules were supposed…there should be a son of the senior William named George.  Going back to the Dutch church records, a previously overlooked reference to Joris Andrieszen was noted (Joris being the Dutch version of George), and that was a reference to a marriage at about the same time as the senior William’s marriage to the widow. and just previous to Isaac and William’s baptisms several years later of their children.  An examination of what was known of the marriages of the junior William Anderson and Isaac Anderson (as their names became in the Dutch records as time went on, and no longer Andriesen) revealed connections to Massachusetts.  For example, Isaac married the granddaughter of Nathaniel Woodward of Massachusetts, Prudence (who was called Prudens Woedert in the Dutch records).  In other words, references to all four Andriesens start showing up at about the same time in New York and they all have Massachusetts connections.  Further searching turned up in New York references to the senior William, the prisoner of war, and sons William and Isaac. The senior William became the Treasurer of New York during the term of Mayor Peartree (1702-1706) and during the colonial governorship of Lord Cornbury (whose father had been a familiar of the Marquis of Huntly) and died in office according to the minutes of the New York Town Council.  Isaac obtained contracts from the town council to build a “great bridge” in the area of the piers.  The junior William became first a constable and then the Sheriff of New York, and ultimately married the daughter of a former Mayor (Nicholas DeMeyer) and wealthy real estate magnate. Isaac retired on the considerable real estate he bought on the New York Connecticut border, a border (the Byram river on both sides of which Isaac had land) which had been established by his wife Prudence’s surveyor grandfather.  Both Williams and Isaac show up in a history of the Trinity Episcopal church of New York as donors to the construction in 1698, and in the case of the younger William as a long time member of the vestry.